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14 Nov 2017-The Hindu Editorial -Vocabulary

India must balance diverse alliances as it strengthens its East Asia pivot

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the Philippines to attend the ASEAN-India summit, the East Asia Summit and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership summit has put India centre-stage in the Asian region now referred to as “Indo-Pacific”. Equally, it puts the “Indo-Pacific” and ties with the U.S. centre-stage in India’s Act East policy, in all three spheres: political, strategic and economic. Mr. Modi’s arrival in Manila was preceded by the first meeting of the India-U.S.-Japan-Australia quadrilateral, a grouping first mooted in 2006 by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. It ended with statements on cooperation for a “free, open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific region”, a direct signal that it will counter China’s actions in the South China Sea if necessary. Next, Mr. Modi’s meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump saw a similar emphasis on cooperating in the Indo-Pacific, a term now widely adopted by the U.S. The ‘Quad’ doesn’t just pertain to maritime surveillance, it also aims at enhancing connectivity in accordance with “the rule of law” and “prudent financing” in the Indo-Pacific together, a reference to American plans to build an “alternative financing model” to China’s Belt and Road Initiative. Finally, Mr. Modi’s speech to ASEAN vowed to bring India’s economic and business ties with the region up to the level of their “exceptionally good political and people-to-people relations”. This sets the stage for closer engagement ahead of the 25th year Commemorative Summit to be held in Delhi in January 2018, with ASEAN leaders also expected to attend Republic Day festivities.
The clarity in India’s purpose in East Asia at this juncture is important, but the next steps are equally vital. To begin with, despite a government statement to the contrary, it is impossible to avoid the conclusion that the Quad, also called a “coalition of democracies” of the Indo-Pacific, is a front aimed at countering China’s influence. As the only member of the proposed coalition that is also part of another security arrangement involving China and Russia, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, India’s ability to balance its interests will be tested. Finally, while there will be much to navigate on the political front, Mr. Modi would be keen to keep a sharp focus on the economic tailwinds during his engagements in Manila. The 10 ASEAN countries account for about 11% of India’s global trade. For the past few years India has joined the ASEAN “plus six”, including China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand, to discuss the RCEP free trade agreement. Talks have often run into rough weather over India’s stand on visas and services access, while also holding out against free trade that could give China an unfair edge in goods trade. Mr. Modi’s work is cut out as he clarifies India’s pivot in east Asia.

 

1. PIVOT <PEE /VO/ TL>
 [Noun]
Meaningà                    Person, thing, or factor having a major or central role, function, or effect
 Synà                           Central point, Focal point , Hub, Heart ,Crux,Raison d’etre
 Exampleà                    His financial methods became the pivot of government policy
·         Antonymsà                                Exterior , Outside

 2.COMPREHENSIVE <KOM /PRE /HEN /SIV  >
 [Adjective]
Meaningà              including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something.
  Synà                      Including ,Incorporating ,Taking In ,Taking Accounting Of , Embracing
Antonymà             Excluding
Exampleà              "a comprehensive list of sources"


3. QUADRILATERAL <KWA / DREE /LAT /RL >

 [Noun]
Meaningà             A four  sided figure
 Synà                       multilateral. many-sided. four-sided.
Antonymsà           unilateral     
Exampleà               It's this quadrilateral KLMN we are going to be interested in.’
.
4. MOOTED <MU / TED >
 [Verb]= past tense: mooted; past participle: mooted

 Meaningà                        raise (a question or topic) for discussion, bring up    
 Synà                                   Broach , put- forward , mention , introduce ,raise
 Exampleà                          "the scheme was first mooted last October"
Antonymsà                       Resolve ,Decided
5. MARITIME <MA /REE /TIME >
 [Adjective]
 Meaning à                 connected with the sea, especially in relation to seaborne trade or naval matters
 Synà                                   Naval ,marine ,nautical ,sea-going ,sea -faring
 Antonymsà                 Inland , Terrestrial
Exampleà                      "a maritime museum"


6.SURVEILLANCE < SIR /VEE /LEE /AN/ S >
 [Noun] = Gerund past participle –sidestepping

 Meaning à                 close observation,
 Synà                                 , scrutinywatchviewinspection, monitoring, supervision,
Exampleà                     "he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence"
Antonymsà           indifference , carelessness ,ignorance


7. PRUDENT  < PRU /DENT >
[Adjective]
 Meaningà                 acting with or showing care and thought for the future.
Exampleà                     no prudent money manager would authorize a loan without first knowing its   purpose"
Synà                                 wise . sage ,shrewd ,polite ,advisable
 Antonymà                  careless

8. COMMEMORATIVE < KO/MO/ME/RATIV >
[Adjective]
Meaning à             acting as a memorial of an event or person.
 Synà                       Remembrance, Memorial . Celebrative , in memory of …, in honour of
Antonymsà           Dismissive
Exampleà           "veterans of the battle will attend commemorative services"

9. NAVIGATE <NAE /VEE /GATE >

[Verb] formal transitive(Here)

Meaning                   To deal effectively with a complicated situation
Synà                                  Deal with , man up
Exampleà                     There’s no one I trust more to navigate these tricky political situations

Antonymà                    neglect ,forget



10. TAILWINDS < TAIL /WINDS >
[Adjective]=plural
Meaningà               a wind blowing from behind. (But here its like Tailwind(s) , many forces  giving push to a situation)                                   
Exampleà               These events will act like tailwinds to that problem

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